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Today in History: Sports, movies and more

1738 John Wesley is converted, launching the Methodist movement; celebrated annually by Methodists as Aldersgate Day

1775 John Hancock is unanimously elected President of the Continental Congress

1818 General Andrew Jackson captures Pensacola, Florida

1830 “Mary Had A Little Lamb” by Sarah Josepha Hale is first published by Boston firm Marsh, Capen & Lyon

1830 1st passenger rail service in US (Baltimore & Elliots Mill, Maryland)

1844 Samuel Morse taps out “What hath God wrought” in the world’s first telegraph message

1856 Pottawatomie Massacre: John Brown and abolitionist settlers kill five pro-slavery settlers in Franklin County, Kansas

1883 Brooklyn Bridge opened by President Arthur and NY Governor Cleveland

1884 Anti-Monopoly party & Greenback Party forms People’s Party in US

1894 Lowell Observatory, Arizona, first begins observations of Mars with an eighteen-inch telescope, leads its builder Percival Lowell to conclude there are canals on Mars

1899 1st auto repair shop opens (Boston)

1915 Thomas Edison invents telescribe to record telephone conversations

1930 Amy Johnson becomes the 1st woman to fly solo from England to Australia

1941 German battleship Bismarck sinks the British battle cruiser HMS Hood; 1,416 die, 3 survive

1954 IBM announces vacuum tube “electronic” brain that could perform 10 million operations an hour

1959 1st house with built-in bomb shelter exhibited (Pleasant Hills, Pennsylvania)

1976 In the Judgment of Paris, wine testers rate wines from California higher than their French counterparts, challenging the notion of France being the foremost producer of the world’s best wines

1986 Margaret Thatcher becomes 1st British Prime Minister to visit Israel

1988 John Moschitta set record for fast talking: 586 words per minute

1988 Section 28 passed as law by Parliament in the United Kingdom prohibiting the promotion of homosexuality. Repealed 2001/2004

2001 The Democrats gain control of the US Senate for the first time since 1994 when Senator James Jeffords of Vermont abandons the Republican Party and declares himself an independent

2018 Record US fentanyl seizure of 120lbs (54kg) confirmed by police in Nebraska in April, enough to kill 26 million people, one of largest drug busts in US history

2018 US President Donald Trump posthumously pardons boxer Jack Johnson for racially orientated criminal conviction - transporting a white woman across state lines

Sports

1930 Babe Ruth homers in both games of a doubleheader, giving him 9 in one week

1976 Muhammad Ali TKOs Richard Dunn in 5 for heavyweight boxing title in Munich

1981 Bobby Unser wins, loses, & wins a controversial Indy 500

1987 LPGA Championship Women’s Golf, Jack Nicklaus GC: Jane Geddes wins by 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Betsy King

1987 Indianapolis 500: Al Unser Sr, 47, wins his 4th Indy 500

1989 NY Yankee hurler Lee Gutterman sets record of pitching 30-2/3 innings before giving up his 1st run of season

2001 Mountain climbing: 15-year-old Sherpa Temba Tsheri becomes the youngest person to climb to the top of Mount Everest.

Music

1941 Bob Dylan [Robert Zimmerman], American singer-songwriter (Blowin’ in Wind, The Times They Are a-Changin’) and cultural icon, born in Duluth, Minnesota

1944 Patti LaBelle, American singer (LaBelle-Lady Marmalade), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

1969 Beatles’ “Get Back” single goes #1 & stays #1 for 5 weeks

1969 “Sugar, Sugar” single released by The Archies (Billboard Song of the Year 1969)

1970 Peter Green quits Fleetwood Mac to join a religious cult

1989 Weird Al Yankovic records his UHF soundtrack

Movies & TV

1974 Dean Martin Show last airs on NBC-TV

1979 32nd Cannes Film Festival: “Apocalypse Now” directed by Francis Ford Coppola and “Die Biechtrommel” directed by Volker Schlondorff jointly awarded the Palme d’Or

1989 “Indiana Jones & Last Crusade”, directed by Stephen Spielberg and produced by George Lucas premieres

1993 Star Trek episode “Second Chances” airs guest starring Mae Jemison, the 1st real life astronaut to appear on the show


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