Today in History

910 The last major Viking army to raid England is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward and Earl Aethelred

1305 William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.

1583 Humphrey Gilbert claims Newfoundland for the British crown - first English colony in North America and the beginning of the British Empire

1716 Battle of Petrovaradin/Peterwardein: Habsburgs under Eugene of Savoy defeat the Turks in a decisive victory

1812 War of 1812: Tecumseh’s Native American force ambushes Thomas Van Horne’s 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat

1846 Oregon territory divided between US & Britain at 49th parallel

1858 First transatlantic telegraph cable lands at Trinity Bay, Newfoundland spearheaded by Cyrus West Field (will fail after 3 weeks)

1861 President Lincoln signs the first US personal Income Tax into law (3% of incomes over $800)

1864 Battle of Mobile Bay, won by the Union Army led by Rear Admiral Farragut with the cry “Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!” (US Civil War)

1882 Standard Oil of New Jersey is established

1884 Cornerstone for Statue of Liberty laid on Bedloe’s Island (NYC)

1905 First meeting of the Russian and Japanese peace commissioners takes place in US President Theodore Roosevelt’s home at Oyster Bay, New York

1914 1st electric traffic light installed in the USA on the corner of East 105th Street and Euclid Avenue in Cleveland, Ohio

1914 Battle of Liège: first battle of WWI, massive German assault on forts around Belgium city of Liège led by Erich Ludendorff

1915 The Latin-American Conference Convenes in Washington, with representatives from leading South American nations joining the US to discuss conditions in Mexico

1918 World War I: the last German air raid on England occurs, with four Zeppelin airships dropping bombs in the Midlands and North East England

1924 “Little Orphan Annie” comic strip by Harold Gray is 1st published in the New York Daily News

1926 Houdini stays in a coffin under water for 1½ hrs before escaping

1932 Clyde Barrow and two associates kill Sheriff C.G. Maxwell and his deputy, Eugene C. Moore, the first time the Barrow gang kills a lawman

1953 Operation “Big Switch”; Korean War prisoner exchanged at Panmunjom

1957 Comic strip “Andy Capp” makes its debut

1962 Nelson Mandela arrested for incitement and for illegally leaving South Africa

1964 US begins bombing North Vietnam

1966 Martin Luther King Jr. stoned during Chicago march

1974 US President Richard Nixon admits he withheld information about Watergate break-in

1981 US President Regan fires 11,500 striking air traffic controllers

1989 NASA Venus probe Magellan launched from Space shuttle, 1st to do so

1992 4 officers of the Los Angeles Police Department, acquttied on charges of beating Rodney King, are indicted on civil rights charges

2010 Group led by Hall of Fame pitcher Nolan Ryan & Pittsburgh attorney Chuck Greenberg is confirmed as winning bidder in court ordered auction of Texas Rangers MLB franchise (value $593m)

Movies & TV

1953 “From Here to Eternity” based on book by James Jones, directed by Fred Zinnemann and starring Burt Lancaster, Montgomery Clift and Frank Sinatra is released (Academy Awards Best Picture 1954)

1957 “American Bandstand” premieres on network TV (ABC)

1998 The American spin-off “Whose Line Is It Anyway?”, starring Ryan Stiles, Colin Mochrie, and Wayne Brady, debuts on ABC

Music

1966 Beatles release single “Yellow Submarine” with “Eleanor Rigby” in UK

1967 Bobby Gentry releases her only hit “Ode to Billy Joe”

1972 Moody Blues release “Nights in White Satin”

1975 Stevie Wonder signs $13M contract with Motown

1985 Establishment of a Rock & Roll Hall of Fame is announced

Sports

1936 American athlete Jesse Owens wins 200m in world record time (20.7), his 3rd gold medal of the Berlin Olympics

1979 Philadelphia Phillies 3rd baseman Pete Rose collects NL record 2,427th career single in a 5-2 home loss vs Pirates

1979 Willie Mays, Warren Giles, & Hack Wilson inducted in Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, NY

1984 American super-hurdler Edwin Moses wins the 400m hurdles gold medal at the Los Angeles Olympics, his 105th consecutive race victory

1999 St. Louis slugger Mark McGwire becomes only the 16th MLB player to reach the 500 home run milestone as the Cardinals lose 10-2 v San Diego at Busch Stadium

2005 St. Louis Cardinals 1st baseman Albert Pujols becomes the first player to connect for 30 home runs in each of his first 5 MLB seasons

2006 Warren Moon becomes the first black quarterback to be inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio; joined by Troy Aikman, John Madden, Rayfield Wright, Harry Carson and Reggie White

2017 Jamaican sprint super-star Usain Bolt finishes 3rd behind Justin Gatlin and Christian Coleman in his final individual race, the 100m at IAAF World Championships in London

Birthdays

1850 Guy de Maupassant, French author (Boule de Suif), born in Château de Miromesnil, France (d. 1893)

1862 Joseph Merrick, “The Elephant Man”, born in Leicester, England (d. 1890)

1911 Robert Taylor, American actor (Waterloo Bridge, Quo Vadis, Death Valley Days), born in Filley, Nebraska (d. 1969)

1930 Neil Armstrong, American X-15 pilot and astronaut - 1st man on the Moon (Gemini 8, Apollo 11), born in Wapakoneta Ohio, (d. 2012)

1945 Loni Anderson, American actress (Jennifer-WKRP in Cincinnati), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota

1956 Maureen McCormick, American actress (Marcia-Brady Bunch), born in Encino, California

1962 Patrick Ewing, NBA center (NY Knicks/Olympic gold 1992), born in Kingston, Jamaica

1981 Rachel Scott, American murder victim (d. 1999)

1982 LoLo Jones, American track and field athlete

Weddings

1956 Actress-singer Shirley Jones (22) weds film and stage actor Jack Cassidy (29)

1964 Film director Mel Brooks (38) weds actress Anne Bancroft (32) at the Manhattan Marriage Bureau

1971 Five-time Grammy Award singer Donna Summer [nee Gaines] (22) weds actor Helmuth Sommer

1972 “The Addams Family” actor John Astin (42) weds actress Patty Duke (25)

2015 Actress Jennifer Aniston (46) weds fellow actor and producer Justin Theroux (44) at their home in Los Angeles

Deaths

1955 Carmen Miranda, singer/actress (Down Argentine Way), dies at 42

1959 Edgar Albert Guest, American poet and newspaperman, dies at 77

1962 Marilyn Monroe [Norma Jean Mortenson], American actress (Some Like It Hot), found dead of an apparent self-inflicted drug overdose at 36

1984 Richard Burton, Welsh stage and screen actor (Cleopatra, The Robe), dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 58

2000 Alec Guinness, British actor (The Ladykillers, The Bridge on the River Kwai), dies of liver cancer at 86

2018 Charlotte Rae, American character actress, comedian, singer and dancer (Edna-Facts of Life), dies at 92

2019 Toni Morrison [Chloe Anthony Wofford], American writer (Tar Baby, Beloved, Song of Solomon), first African American woman to win a Nobel Prize (2010) , dies at 88


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904 Thessalonica is sacked by Saracen pirates led by renegade Leo of Tripoli 1221 Emperor Go-Horikawa aged only 10 years old ascends to the Chrysanthemum Throne of Japan 1567 James VI is crowned King

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