Today in History

70 Roman General Titus and his forces set up battering rams to assault the walls of Jerusalem

1200 In China, sunglasses are invented

1776 1st vote on Declaration of Independence for Britain’s North American colonies

1836 US President Andrew Jackson announces to Congress bequest by James Smithson of 100,000 gold sovereigns to found institution in Washington. 1862 US Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco and on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)

1862 Alexander II of Russia grants Jews right to publish books 1863 Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania; Lee’s northward advance halted

1867 The Dominion of Canada is formed, comprising the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec, with John A. Macdonald serving as the first Prime Minister

1898 Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill

1899 Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels

1904 III Summer (Modern) Olympic Games open in St Louis, the first held in the United States

1905 Albert Einstein introduces his theory of special relativity

1908 “SOS” (· · · – – – · · ·) distress signal becomes the worldwide standard for help

1916 Coca-Cola brings current coke formula to the market 1916 First day of the Battle of the Somme: the British Army suffers its worst day, losing 19,240 men (WWI)

1921 The Communist Party of China is founded and Chen Duxiu elected its leader

1931 US President Herbert Hoover places a one year moratorium on war debt payments

1932 NY Gov FDR nominated for president at Democratic Convention in Chicago

1941 Bulova Watch Co pays $9 for 1st ever network TV commercial

1963 ZIP (Zone Improvement Plan) Codes are introduced for United States mail

1966 Medicare goes into effect

1969 Investiture of Prince Charles as the Prince of Wales is watched by large crowds in Caernarfon, Wales and by millions on television

1972 Feminist magazine “Ms” founded by Gloria Steinem publishes its first issue with Wonder Woman on the cover

1973 Tom Bradley becomes the 38th Mayor of Los Angeles, the first (and only) African-American to hold that position

1993 1 second is added to the clock

1997 United Kingdom returns Hong Kong and the New Territories to the People’s Republic of China

2000 Vermont’s civil unions law goes into effect.

Music

1956 Elvis Presley wearing a tuxedo appears on Steve Allen Show

1967 The Beatles’ album “Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band” goes #1 in the United States, where it would stay for 15 weeks

Sports

1910 Chicago’s White Sox Park (later Comiskey Park) opens - St Louis Browns beat White Sox 2-0

1916 Pittsburgh shortstop Honus Wagner, at 42 and 4 months, connects at Cincinnati to become the oldest to hit an inside-the-park HR

1941 Joe DiMaggio, on way to a record 56, ties Willie Keeler’s 44 game MLB hit streak in a win over Boston at Yankee Stadium

1945 First MLB superstar to return from WW II, Hank Greenberg homers in his 1st game (Detroit beats Philadelphia A’s 9-5)

1948 Brooklyn’s future Baseball Hall of Fame catcher Roy Campanella debuts with 3 hits in a 6-4 loss to the rival NY Giants

1982 Cal Ripken Jr. makes the first of his record 2,216 consecutive MLB starts at shortstop for the Baltimore Orioles.

1998 NBA commences a player lockout after no agreement with players about salary issues - lasts 204 days with the season shortened by 50 games

Movies & TV

1991 “Terminator 2: Judgement Day” directed by James Cameron, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton and Edward Furlong premieres at Century City, California

2009 Animated film “Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs” directed by Carlos Saldanha and Mike Thurmeieris with voices by Ray Romano and John Leguizamo is released

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Today in History

910 The last major Viking army to raid England is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward and Earl Aethelred 1305 William Wallace, who led Sc

Today in History

1838 Apprenticeship system abolished in most of the British Empire. Former slaves no longer indentured to former owners. 1840 Labourer slaves in most of the British Empire are emancipated 1842 Rotherh

Today in History

30 BC Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves minor victory over Octavian, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to Octavian’s invasion of Egypt 1620 Pilgrim Fathers depart Leiden, Net

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